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3:45 PM – 4:15 PM EDT

The Modified Token Test: A New Way to Assess Working Memory and Linguistic Skills

The language used in the description reflects the language of the session.


Theresa Pham, University of Western Ontario; Lisa Archibald, PhD, University of Western Ontario.

To process sentences, children use working memory (WM) – the ability to retain and process the sentences – and language knowledge. Speech-language pathologists (S-LPs) therefore need to understand whether WM and/or language weakness underlie poor language performance. The Token Test, wherein sentences vary in length and syntactic complexity, might help S-LPs in practice. We studied the test’s structure and found: (1) a verbal WM component consisted of long (and syntactically consistent) sentences, and (2) a linguistic factor that included syntactically complex sentences. Our modified Token Test is a promising tool that could be used to disentangle WM and linguistic knowledge.



Intended Audience

Speech-Language Pathologists, Students

Age Group(s)

Pre-School (0-4), School Aged (5-17)