The Modified Token Test: A New Way to Assess Working Memory and Linguistic Skills
The language used in the description reflects the language of the session.
Theresa Pham, University of Western Ontario; Lisa Archibald, PhD, University of Western Ontario.
To process sentences, children use working memory (WM) – the ability to retain and process the sentences – and language knowledge. Speech-language pathologists (S-LPs) therefore need to understand whether WM and/or language weakness underlie poor language performance. The Token Test, wherein sentences vary in length and syntactic complexity, might help S-LPs in practice. We studied the test’s structure and found: (1) a verbal WM component consisted of long (and syntactically consistent) sentences, and (2) a linguistic factor that included syntactically complex sentences. Our modified Token Test is a promising tool that could be used to disentangle WM and linguistic knowledge.