Speech Motor Synergies in Clinical Practice

There is consensus that the act of speaking is the result of multiple sub-systems (respiration, phonation, articulation and resonance) and articulators working together as coordinated movements or synergies. However, information on what constitutes a synergy, development of these coordinated movements, their assessment and treatment implications are not typically taught in university curriculums. In this clinical practice review we address this knowledge gap by defining and presenting evidence for synergies in speech, demonstrating clinical assessment by using video examples and presenting strategies for integrating movement synergies into interventions.

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